The gender pay gap remains significant and has barely narrowed in 25 years in the UK, according to a study published Monday that questions the persistence of social norms in particular. †On average, a woman of working age in the UK earned 40% less than a manof the same age group in 2019, ie before the pandemic, underlines this study from the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS).
This huge gap is mainly due to the fact that women work almost 10% less than men and work eight hours less per week. At this 40% level, the gender pay gap is 13 percentage points lower than it was in the mid-1990s, but three quarters of this reduction is explained”due to the rapid increase in the education level of womenWomen of working age are now 5% more likely than a man of the same age to earn a college degree, compared to 5% less likely 25 years ago, the IFS describes.
If we disregard this progress in educational attainment, the pay gap has hardly changed in 25 years, the IFS underlines. In terms of hourly wages, women earn an average of 19% less per hour, compared to 24% less in 1995, but this figure has hardly changed since 2005. In addition, the hourly wage gap has widened. mainly thanks to the increase in the minimum wage, but has increased for those with a secondary or higher education diploma.
The pay gapsseem to be fueled by entrenched social normsbut the IFS study, based on the experiences of foreign countries, finds that it “possible to make progress“In particular, thanks to policies that limit the disparity between the social roles assigned to men and women, such as work.”unpaidin the lobby. †Even expensive policies such as providing more free childcare can pay off if they ensure that men and women are employed in their most productive roles.‘ concludes the IFS.
†The gender gap across all wages in the UK is almost twice that of other countries, suggesting that it is largely influenced by the political and cultural contextnotes Mark Franks, an official with the Nuffield Foundation, an NGO that fights against poverty. †For example, women tend to take care of children more, even if they earn the most from the household, and other countries have more generous parental leave policies than the UK.he adds.