Élisabeth Borne has been appointed prime minister, the Élysée announced. She succeeds Jean Castex, who announced his resignation on Monday afternoon. Here are twelve tidbits about Matignon’s new tenant.
Her name has been circulating for several weeks: Elisabeth Borne is appointed prime minister. The current Labor Minister is taking over from Jean Castex in Matignon, who resigned on Monday afternoon. She will be the second woman to hold this position, after Edith Cresson between 1991 and 1992.
She is the daughter of a Jewish resistance fighter of Russian descent.
Elisabeth Borne was born on April 18, 1961 in Paris. His mother was Norman and his father was a Jew of Russian descent. This father, a resistance fighter, was deported during the war in 1942. When she first issued a civil naturalization decree as Prefect, she was moved: “That I, the daughter of this stateless refugee, who was only French in 1950, made this gesture, which said something about integration”entrusted them to Liberation in 2015.
She was a division of the nation
Guest of Touche, not at my post a year ago, she confided in her childhood and the death of her father in 1972, when she was 11 years old. Elisabeth Borne then indicated that she had been “department of the nation”†It hasn’t always been easy. I lost my father when I was very young† And so we ended with * my mother, who had two daughters and had no real income. I was a student of the nation and I was able to study on a scholarship”she confided.
She graduated from the polytechnic
She is a graduate of the College of Engineers, the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées and the Ecole Polytechnique.
She has worked with Lang, Jospin, Delanoë and Royal
Élisabeth Borne began her political career in 1987 as a senior civil servant in the Ministry of Equipment, then adviser to the Ministry of National Education with Jack Lang and then Lionel Jospin and technical adviser in charge of transport in Prime Minister Lionel Jospin’s cabinet. She was also Director-General of Urban Planning at the Paris City Hall, appointed by Bertrand Delanoë.
Elisabeth Borne was Director of the Cabinet of Ségolène Royal at the Ministry of Ecology between April 2014 and May 2015.
She was prefect of Poitou-Charentes
The minister was also Prefect of Vienne and the Poitou-Charentes region between February 2013 and April 2014. She was then the first woman to hold this position in the region.
She worked for the SNCF and led the RATP
Élisabeth Borne was technical director at Sonacotra (National Housing Construction Company for Algerian Workers, now Adoma) from 1993 to 1996. She then was Director of Strategy for the SNCF between 2002 and 2007 and then Concession Director of the company Eiffage. She was then chairman and CEO of RATP between 2015 and 2017.
She has been a minister since the early hours of Emmanuel Macron’s five-year term
She joined the government as Minister of Transport (May 2017 – July 2019) under the government of Édouard Philippe. She was then appointed Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition (2019-2020) from July 2020 and subsequently as Minister for Labour, Employment and Integration.
She carried the unemployment insurance reform
Elisabeth Borne is behind the controversial unemployment insurance reform. This reform, started in the first quarter of 2019, has been postponed several times due to difficult negotiations with the social partners, then the health crisis and the decisions of the Council of State. This reform finally came into effect in two phases, in October and then in December 2021, notably introducing a tightening of the rules for calculating unemployment benefits.
On the other hand, it also woke up in the ranks of employers those professional sectors that had started to shake up their salary scales too low. It is also she who, for two years, rue de Grenelle, has orchestrated the adaptation of the world of work to the health crisis: health protocols, the generalization of telework, the implementation and the gradual decoupling of “whatever” it costs” related to Bercy. Previously, as Minister of Transport, she mainly had to cope with the difficult reform of the railway workers’ statute, which had led to a slow strike of almost three months in 2018. In the coming months, she will carry out the delicate mission of leading the pension reform, Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promise.
Elisabeth Borne was never elected
She is running in her first election campaign with the parliamentary elections in June, as she is running for the sixth constituency of Calvados. “It’s a constituency that means a lot to me, in a department, Calvados, the cradle of my family”, she said to La Manche libre. His grandfather was mayor of Livarot. “I have many childhood and family memories in Calvados“, she explained. Élisabeth Borne was married, divorced and had a son from this first union.
It is considered “demanding”
Elisabeth Borne is known for being demanding, both in the societies where she has worked and in her ministry. At the RATP, she was nicknamed “burnout” that’s how much she asked of her collaborators, we learn in a portrait of Le Monde that was published in 2017.”It doesn’t always measure that not everyone has the same abilities“, one of his relatives entrusted to Liberation in 2018.”The positions she held generate stress, which can spill over to the teams.†
She likes long walks and reading.
Through the portraits painted of her in the press, we learn that Elisabeth Borne is a fan of reading and especially of the Finnish author Arto Paasilinna and Sorj Chalandon.
The now prime minister also escapes during “long walks in the middle of the desert – South Morocco or Wadi Rum in Jordan”writes Le Monde.
Five bank accounts, two apartments and a Citroën
In her statement of assets, filed in May 2017, Elisabeth Borne indicated that she owned two apartments, one of 68 square meters in Paris, the other 43 square meters in Hauts-de-Seine. In addition, she had five current and savings accounts and a Citroën since 2015.