Shortage of IT professionals will be half a million by 2025

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A study published in December 2021 by Brasscom (Association of Information and Communication Technologies and Digital Technologies Companies) predicts that the demand for professionals in the fields of software, ICT services and internal computing in Brazil is expected to reach 797,000 vacancies over the next three years. The analysis takes into account things like an investment of around BRL 413.5 billion in digital transformation technologies.

The estimate depicts an acceleration in demand for professionals in the sector compared to the Brasscom balance sheet published in 2019, which forecast 420,000 professionals between 2018-2024, according to a publication by Blog da Conjuntura Econômica, FGV IBRE (Brazilian Institute of Economics of Fundação Getulio). Vargas).

According to the document, the circumstances surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic have been instrumental in digitizing the economy. The survey draws attention to the cumulative balance of jobs in related fields from January to September last year, which was 123,540, or 2.8 times more than in all hirings in the same cycle.

The Brasscom survey also identified the shortage of IT professionals and highlighted that face-to-face and distance education (EaD), bachelor’s and technology training in information and communication technologies offered in the country form 53,000 people each year, which is only a third of the estimated demand for 159,000 vacancies through 2025 – representing a shortage of half a million professionals.

Daniel Franco, director of COOIT (Working Cooperative of Technology and Innovation Professionals), says that the technology sector is already facing the shortage of skilled labor and the difficulty of retaining professionals. “Today, many companies find it difficult to make a flexible career plan, companies consider the qualification of employees as an investment risk, operate with a low margin of competitiveness and find it difficult to find the right professionals and to manage them”.

Franco says the pandemic has accelerated the expansion of the technology market. “We have reached a level of evolution that researchers call the ‘4th Industrial Revolution’, or ‘Industry 4.0’ – which encompasses the Internet of Things, Big Data, artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and cybersecurity,” he says. “Changes are already taking place in all areas of daily life, as can be seen with the virtual assistants that have arrived on the national market in recent years, as is the case with Alexa, from Amazon”, adds- he.

The director points out that it is difficult to retain the right technology professionals, whether in companies that have an internal IT sector or that work with technology departments. “With the high demand and the difficulty of attracting and managing professionals, many companies have chosen to outsource a specific project or the entire sector”.

To overcome this deficit, he continues, it is necessary to encourage the qualification of professionals and to encourage motivating methodologies and working methods, by ensuring that interest in technological fields accompanies the strong demand. “In addition, of course, to looking for alternative solutions, as is the case with cooperatives that bring together professionals from different specialties, promoting professional development,” he says.

Cooperatives can help

For Franco, it is necessary to train new quality professionals, thinking about new technologies and requirements, the so-called “professions of the future”. “Cooperatives and similar initiatives can even play an important role in this training, in addition to promoting, encouraging or sponsoring. However, training alone is not enough, you have to make the work motivating, with good prospects for the professional, not just financially,” he explains.

“The cooperating professional, who often already has a good formal work placement, but who has periods of inactivity throughout the day or night, can use this available time to act in the request that he identifies and disposes necessary skills,” he said.

Medium and long term future

According to Franco’s analysis, in the medium term, there should be a significant increase in the deficit of technology professionals, the problem of obsolete professionals persisting, after all, training courses must adapt to new technologies, because the market will continue to grow and evolve.

“In the long term, we will have a turning point: virtually all professions will have a technological aspect, requiring everyone to acquire some knowledge of programming and technology in general. Otherwise, they will be overwhelmed, whatever their field or their profession,” he concludes.

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