InvestSP (São Paulo Agency for the Promotion of Investments and Competitiveness) brought together public managers from across the state last weekend, in Guarujá, to discuss the importance of municipal management in the arrival of 5G internet, which will guarantee browsing up to 100 times and is expected to inject up to R$270 billion into São Paulo’s economy in the coming years, whether in the establishment of infrastructures or in business generation, according to industry data.
Bottleneck of old antennas
The main bottleneck for the arrival of 5G is the issue of municipal antenna laws, which do not allow operators to invest in the necessary infrastructure. The technology requires a number of antennas up to 10 times greater than the current one, but with new land occupation rules, for example, since they must be installed in the most varied spaces, such as facades property, poles and traffic lights.
According to InvestSP, there is a timeline determined by Anatel based on each city’s population size that foresees the arrival of 5G in capital cities later this year. However, the trend is that the sooner municipalities change their laws, the faster operators invest in infrastructure. “The vast majority of municipal antenna laws date back to the early 2000s, when fast internet began to grow in the country. As technology has evolved a lot, in particular 5G, several articles of this legislation no longer make sense. That is why we have worked to provide information, support municipalities and create the conditions to attract investment in new technologies,” explains Caio Cristófalo, analyst at InvestSP.
Water circuit is an example
The trend is that more than 600 municipalities in São Paulo need to modernize their laws. One of the positive highlights concerns the towns of the so-called Circuito das Águas, in the Campinas region, which have decided to update their legislation and are ready to receive 5G. Data from the Antene-se movement, which brings together several entities in the sector and monitors the issue of legislation, points out that throughout Brazil, only 99 cities, less than 2% of the total, have updated antenna laws.
Increase by EAD
Between 2019 and 2020, distance learning courses (EAD) increased from 482,501 registrations to 638,233 in the state of São Paulo. During the same period, enrollment for face-to-face education increased from 1,548,848 to 1,436,938, according to data from the Fundação Seade based on information from the Ministry of Education. The shift was influenced by the pandemic, but experts predict the trend to value virtual courses, especially university courses, is likely to continue.
According to the academic degree, in 2020 the baccalaureate presented 63.5% of enrollments, the participatory degree with 15.1% and the technological with 21.4%, a behavior similar to the previous year. The courses that received the most registrations are Pedagogy with 190,482, Law with 167,031 and Administration with 151,991 registered. All three courses were also preferred by women. Men, in relative terms, chose information systems and engineering courses more.
Mobile phone preference
An unprecedented study in the state of São Paulo highlights that almost half of users access the Internet exclusively through cell phones in the state of São Paulo. In other words, about 16 million people in São Paulo only use this device, compared to those who access the Internet from multiple devices, including the computer. The conclusion is a study that quantified the ownership of mobile phones, access and use of the Internet through these devices compared to data from Brazil, based on the results of the ICT Household survey. The survey is the result of a partnership between Fundação Seade and Cetic.br|NIC.br. In 2020, 92% of people over the age of 10 were mobile phone users, leaving just over 3 million inhabitants who did not use this device over the period. The proportion of use in the state is similar to the national average (93%).
Pandemic X deaths
Between 2019 and 2021, there was a 41% increase in deaths in the state of São Paulo. In the state of São Paulo, the total number of deaths reached 427,600 in 2021, 41.0% more than in 2019. The increase is due to the Covid-19 pandemic, according to a study by the Fundação Seade based on information from civil registry offices. While until 2019 the continuous increase in deaths (average of 1.3% per year) was mainly due to population growth and population aging, between 2019 and 2020 it increased to 14.7% and, between 2020 and 2021, at 23.0%.
Elderly – higher volume
People aged 60 to 69 showed the largest absolute increase, with 30,300 additional deaths between 2019 and 2021, followed by those aged 70 to 79, with 28,000. The largest relative increase, however, was seen for the 40-49 age group, which saw 78% more deaths over the period, and for 30-39 and 50-59 year olds, both with a 64% increase.
This column is published by the Paulista Association of Portals and Newspapers and can also be read on the website www.apj.inf.br Simultaneous publication in the newspapers of the Rede Paulista de Jornals, formed by this newspaper and 15 other leaders in circulation in the State of São Paulo